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STATEMENT OF THE RESEARCH PROMBLEMS

The purpose of this study is to examine the participation of women in politics, and at which they are discriminated against through gender inequality, marital status and level of literacy, to an extent to which they are titled within the process of decision making which in turn result in sideling them in the democratic setting of the Nigeria state and the north especially. Specifically the study analyses the marginalization and deprivation of women in political affairs of the nation, with the reference of Nassarawa local government, Kano state.


Since 1960, women in Kano state government have been marginalized and deprived in the political affairs of the nation. Very few women have held political either elected or appointed. This is partly due to cultural and economic constraints that prevent women from actively participating in politics, indeed the citizenry. Still feels extremely reluctant to elect women in leadership position because of their perceived weakness. Yet there is a rich history of women political activism in Nigeria, both in pre-colonial and colonial era. Such women include; Sara Jibril, the indomitable PDP stalwart, Gambo Sawaba and Funmilayo Ransome Kuti, who are still remembered for their political activism and unalloyed patriotism.




 
 
 
In addition to women’s major contributions to economic productivity and political activities, women also bear the main responsibility for family which is a social unit that contributed in making the society what it is today in fundamental social group, and this important social group effect the social life of its members.

In a nutshell, what we know at present is that women have in recent years begun to fully participate in political activities. But there are certain question to which we need to find answers as far as participation of women in politics are concerned.


1.3 QUESTION OF THE STUDY
The study addresses the following question;

1-What are the problems that militate against women participation in politics

2- What constitute the possible ways to improve the participation of women in politics?

3- Are educated women as active informal politics as similarly educated men

4- Why are women absent in the legislatures in proportion to their population?
THE SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
The significances of the study lies in the deeply pronounced political imbalances of the two sexes which is [men and women] men all over the world are generally regarded as having more advantages and opportunities. Patriarchy as a system of men domination shapes women’s relationship in politics, when women go into politics within this patriarchal context of modern democracies, they are unable to play political roles on men’s terms.
That is because women are seen to be less politically aware due to the influence of the home itself, which limits female exposure to political experience and information, the domestic role maintains that there was no important place for women in the politics of their constituencies, thus law participation of women in the nation’s policy making process suggests that affirm action in favor of women is given unfair attention and this affects their power influencing the nation public policies.
In the case of Nassarawa local government, the political environment is still almost exclusively dominated by men, which means that the enabling environment for women participation in politics is still lacking. Even with regard to the fundamental human right, the participation of women in democratic process [membership of political parties, election etc.] and appointments in policy making position is poor. Men are seen to be the officials of the elective position, while women are mainly political party supporters.
Women in Kano state have been grossly under-represented in policy making as well as executive position. This influenced as a result of some political event that occurred in Nigeria. For example out of the fifty member constitution drafting committee [CDC] of 1976, no women was included. And of the forty five members of the constitution review committee [CRC] to review the 1979 draft constitution. Only one member was a women. Also no women was included among the twenty one resident electoral commissions.
 
Furthermore, in 1994. The federal government appointed only two women out of 95 members to theconstitutional conference. It has also been noted that either the five political parties in the Abacha transition programmed or the nine registered political association in the Abubakar Abdussalam’s transition programed have a women as chairman, secretary and so on at the national level. Therefore this failure of women to be elected to public offices or to participate more effectively in political party organization is seen as a result of role conflicts which must be resolved by women themselves.
 
 
Reference
 
Agbalajobi, D.T. [2010] ‘Women’s participation and the political process in Nigeria; problems and prospects’ Africa journal of political science and international relations, 4 [2]. 75-82.
Asaju, K and Adagba, S.O [2003].
Bari, f. [2005] ‘women’s political participation; issues and challenges’ United Nation Division for the Advancement of women [DAW]. Bangkok. Thailand.
National council of women societies Nigeria [1974; the need for a national policy of non-formal education for women A seminar report, Lagos, Nigeria
Socialist International women resolution, toward a great participation of women in politics, strategies and realities, bureau meeting, Casablanca morocco 28-29 may 2002.