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NATURE OF WOMEN CHALLENGES POLITICAL PARTICIPATION

 
 
Despite their presence in political participation the level of women’s politics can still be apathy and correctly be described as quite sensitive. Women in Nigeria are in politics as voters party activists party supporters among other functions. They are also in attendance in reasonable numbers at political rallies. They are also experienced in all sorts of campaigns which is a product of their personal experiences in diverse campaigns which is a resultant effect of their associations with politicians especially at the grass roots. Inspire of this freedom of participation and direct participation women are still quite backward in terms of political positions such as governors, ministers, presidents among others. In numerous studies on the political participation it has been noticed that in reality women participate less than men. Other relate high socio economic status even though they are in a formal sense equal to men politically it has been noted that women fellow the ideas of their husbands, parents and others when it comes to politics.


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Almond and Verba [1965;325] concurred that ‘women differ from men in their political behavior only in being somewhat more frequently sympathetic, parochial, conservative and sensitive to the personality, emotion and aesthetic aspects of political life and electoral campaigns’
According to Agbajobi [2010; 76] women had for long suffered various forms of gender discrimination, inequality and exclusion, especially in the area of politics. To him, the movement for alleviation / eradication of gender discrimination is an also multiple consequence of this system of beliefs and cultural values and norms.
These societal beliefs, as well as ethnic and most time religious doctrines and norms, have turned in to self-fulfilling prophecies. Sex role socialization assign distinct and often unequal work and political positions to biological sexes turning them into socially distinct gender economists see this as the sexual division of labor. This concept is central to the Nigerian political system where sexes are assigned to different complementary tasks, now inherent in the labor market and the political scene [sector].
 
their full political rights as their male counterparts. Available statistics reveal that women’s overall political representation in government is less that 7 percent [ Agbalajobi,2010;77, also women have not still attained the recommended 30 percent seats in government as prescribes by the Beijing platform of action to which Nigeria subscribes. It was not until 1979 that women in northern Nigerian had the franchise to exercise their voting rights. This implies that they could not contest for political position nor participate in choosing their political leaders until 1979.
2.3 THE NEGLECT OF WOMEN
Women seem to be neglected in certain activities in most societies including politics, but at the same instance they execute two thirds of work of the global economy they receive a tenth of the global income but possesses less than a tenth of the property in the world. It should be noted that women’s intense and dedicated struggles for development emancipation across the globe is a vital tool for world peace, prosperity and development. Related to the above subject matter, the international labor organization[I.L.O] authoritatively asserts that two thirds of the world’s working hours are done by women. This very serious burden falls on the shoulders of millions of women located in various continents such as Asia, Africa, Latin America to name a few. For majority of these women the working days is 16 hours long they also grow process and cook the food provide the fuel, clothes health care and other vital human needs for themselves and the families they raise with their husbands.
Sherry. B. other [1980; p 87] argues that in each society immense value is placed on culture than on nature. By the use of man does not have to passively submit himself to the forces of nature he can regulate and effectively control it. this clearly means that man’s culture which he has developed over time and which has subsequently evolved ultimately has power over nature and can this prevail against it thus it is seen as superior to culture. He argues furthermore that women are universally defined as closer to nature because their bodies and physiological functions are more concerned with the natural process surrounding the reproductive sphere of life of all species. A lucid example of this is women’s role as mothers and their close relationship with younger children associate them and bind them closer to nature.
 
According to Judith van Allen [1973] in her study of political and apolitical styles of modern African women she stated that ‘African women today are not for the most part in politics more accurately, they are between politics. And also those who had opportunities for political power and autonomy in traditional societies have largely lost that power and autonomy due to labor.
 
However it shoulder be well noted that the universal evaluation of culture as superior to nature is seen as the basic reason for the gross neglect of women. Women are seen as closer to nature than the men and they are for that reason categorized as being inferior to the males. In essence, since culture is quite widely regarded as superior to nature, women’s psyche is devalued and hence the men emerge as superiors, culture has quite a tremendous impact on humans such that it would seem extremely abnormal to see a women hunting or controlling a community. Cultural impacts are in both directions as the women themselves may feel very uncomfortable and ill at ease to assume roles that culturally preserved for men. This is the reason in some parts of northern Nigeria some women are restricted from active political participation due to their peculiar nature.