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The essence of political participation in any society, either civilized or primitive, is to seek control of power and to influence decision making in line with organized or individual interests. Group including those of women seek to influence the distribution of power in line with their articulated interests as a fundamental motive of political participation. Women in their gradual consciousness of state of mind also, in recent times, increasingly seek power equation and distribution and redistribution of resources in their favor [Arowolo and Aluko, 2010; 581].

In several African culture, women are perceived as the weaker sex who must be helped, guide and dominated by men. They are seen as ‘submissive illogical, passive, talkative, emotional, easily moved to tears, while men are assumed to be ‘competent, logical and independent; these socially constructed stereotypes are crucial to roles formation and the eventual asymmetrical opportunities available to the sexes [Udegbe, 1998; 3]

Although careful observation have indicated that the involvement of women in Nigerian politics is largely noticeable at the level of voting and latent support.


Nigeria is a patriarchal society where men are seem as the major decision makers and where normative principles, institutions and beliefs play a major role in family life and where men also play a dominant role in the process of allocation of public resources. Men’s super-ordinate role in the control of the family and the state has allowed them to further put in place structure to hinder women empowerment or be indifferent to their multifarious problems like harmful cultural practices, economic disempowerment, political exclusion, physical assaults and general lack of voice in the political process [Oyediran and Odusola,2003;16].

However poor participation of women in politics and governance has been a major concern at global level. the global issue of goals [to promote gender equality and empower women] of the millennium Development Goals [MDGs] and other international clarion calls for bridging the gap created. Yet there persist poor participation of women in politics and the number of women in political position in Nigerian is growing at a slow rate despite efforts to change such trend by Nigeria women groups /advocates/activist, civil society organizations.

Also Nigeria women have the guaranteed right to participate in active politics and governance by virtue of section 42[1] of the 1999 constitution of the federal republic of Nigeria which states that. A citizen of Nigeria of a particular community, ethic group ,place of origin, sex, religion or political opinion shall not, by reason only that he is such a person be subjected to any form of discrimination. This further confirms that you can go to court to seek redress if as a women your franchise is violated and that the constitution as a whole prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex.

However, over the years there has been a remarkable increase in women participation when measured with certain standards like the number of who vote in elections, the number of appointive and election position held by women, number of women related policies implanted by government, and so on.

Yet, there is observed extensive discrimination against women and under-representation of them in politics and governance in Nigeria when compared with their male counter parts in actual practice.