Since socio-economic situation is seen as our independent variable, and education is part of it, it is vital to view the opinion of those respondents with western education, Islamic education and also those with non-formal education as well.
  Table 7; Opinion and Education Qualification
Responses  Western education number = 30 Islamic education number = 10 Non formal education number = 10
Culture/religious obstacles 50 20 60
Illiteracy 15 – 18
Marital status obligation 35 80 –
All of the above   – – 22
Total 100 100 100
  Source; field survey 2018


     From the date above, 50 percent of those with western education contended that cultural and religion tiers serve as deterrence to active women participation in politics, 20 percent of those with Islamic education and 60 percent of those with no education at all share the same view. Among those women with education, 80 percent believe that marital obligation stagnate women’s participation especially the Muslims. Most of them regarded their homes as the best place for their economic and social activities rather than participating in politics because they feel they can contribute more to their homes than to the world at large. 35 percent of those with western education also share the same opinion. While 22 percent of the respondent with no formal education at all believe that all of the above mention factors seriously cripple women’s active participation in politics, especially those that are very much titled or inclined towards their religions and act of worship. 15 percent of those women with western education and 18 percent of those with no education at all believe illiteracy negatively affects women’s views as well as participation in politics.

         The relationship between marital status and contesting for the post of the president and governors etc. alongside men is worth showing, so as to fully evaluate if marital status has any form influence on a women’s decision to contest the above position alongside another man.

    Table 8; Contesting versus marital status
Responses  Married number = 25  Single number = 15  Widowed number = 10 Total number = 50
Strongly agreed   – 60 – –
Agreed  12 20  –
Disagreed  – 20 – –
Strongly disagreed  88 – – –
Total  100 100 100 –
Source; field survey 2018

     As is stated in table 8 above, 60 percent of the single respondent strongly agreed that women can contest alongside men in the mentioned post. 12 percent of the married respondent mildly agreed, while 20 percent of the respondents who are single are the same view. 88 percent of those married women feel that women who are Muslim should not contest for political offices of any kind against men, as they mentioned that, most of them have their families to take care of, which is a duty that is given to them by Allah and as such it is incumbent for them to follow or adhere to this religious injunction. All the widowed respondents disagreed on the issue of the women folk contesting against men majority of them are of the firm belief that Muslim women in this society rather than contesting political positions with the males should give moral and psychological support and advice to men who are engaged in politics these should include individuals such as their husbands, sons, brothers, and uncles.

      Table is intended to determine if there is any meaningful relationship which exists between education and contesting for political offices. In an attempt to confirm our hypothesis that states that women with higher social-economic status participate more in politics, while those with intense religious devotion especially Muslim women, participate less in politics. For example those with Islamic education.

 Table 9; contesting versus educational qualification
Responses  Western education number = 33 Islamic education number = 12  Non formal education number = 5
Strongly agreed  90.90    –    –
Agreed  6.06    – 80
Disagreed  3.04    – 20
Strongly disagreed  – 100    –
Total  100 100 100
Source; field survey 2018
   As initiated in table 9, 90.90 percent of those women with western education believe women can contest alongside men, 3.04 percent of them disagreed while 6.06 percent agreed. 80 percent of those with no formal education at all agreed. While 3.04 percent dis agreed. All the women with Islamic education are against the idea of women contesting such position as they feel it is improper for Muslim women to do so.
    Therefore it is clearly seen from the above education report women with higher socio-economic status such as western education are more likely to participate in politics than those Muslim women with Islamic education that have higher intensity of religious devotion.  And thus our hypothesis has been confirmed.

Leave a comment